Zróżnicowanie własności toksycznych jadu wybranych żądłówek społecznych (Hymenoptera, Aculeata)
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Results of the investigations of toxicity properties of some social Aculeata venoms were presented. The action of crude venoms of six aculeate species: Apis mellifera, Bomhus sp., Vespa crabro, Vespula germanica, Vespula vulgaris, Polistes sp. on human erythrocytes, larvas of Calliphora sp. and new-born Mus musculus was investigated in order to determine the hemolytic potency and complete toxicity of different aculeate venoms. Hemolityc potency was defined by quantity of free hemoglobin released under the influence of venom. Investigations were realized for concentrating different of venoms and different time of incubation. The complete toxicity of venoms there was determined by toxical value DL₅₀ (dosis lethaly). Aculeate venoms to appear as a strong toxical substances and their composition and function depend on constitution and function of the aculeate venom apparatus.