Z życia Johna Marshalla - zagadki autobiografii
Daszyńska, Jolanta A.
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John Marshall is known as the Great Chief Justice of the US Supreme Court. His famous opinions to such cases, as Marbury v. Madison (1803), Fletcher v. Peck (1810), Mc Culloch v. Maryland (1819), Cohens v. Virginia (1821) or Gibbons v. Ogden (1824) shaped constitutional law and greatly developed the future course of American history. His federal judiciary power strengthened the national supremacy and federalism. The early life of Marshall was less known to the contemporaries, though it was full of events. He described only selected parts of it in the short letter to his friend Joseph Story in 1827. The earlier letter of the same character was written as an answer to the editor Joseph Delaplaine, who asked him to describe his life. But unfortunately both of those letters were lost. The earlier letter was found long after Marshall's death in 1848. The letter to judge Story was found at the beginning of XXc. It might be thought as an autobiography of John Marshall, but in fact, it is only an autobiographical sketch. This sketch is well prepared, but it gave no real picture of Marshall's life. There are still many questions and doubts for it. Was he only so modest? Not at all. The reader got just that, what Marshall himself wanted to present. He created his image as good citizen, good lawyer, and first of all the ardent Federalist, who fought for the ratification of the constitution of 1787. He also supported the unpopular Jay's Treaty with England, 1794, and was sent to France to stop the Quasi War and to prevent the real one. So called XYZ Affair, as a result of that mission brought him great popularity, and he was described as a national hero. In 1801 he was nominated as a Chiej Justice of the Supreme Court and started his great judicial career. The events after that were no mentioned in his autobiographical sketch.