The recent studies on the ecosystem services confirm the role and significance of
the natural environment and its resources for the development of the human well-being.
These studies especially strongly emphasize the protection of the living natural
resources for the biodiversity conservation, which is necessary to maintain the essential
ecological processes, and ensuring the sustainability of use of these resources. The
Europe 2020 Strategy also emphasizes the need for resource-efficient and effective management
in the context of intelligent, sustainable and inclusive growth.
In this article the natural environment and its protection are analyzed in the context
of the local development concept and of stimulating sustainable development of the