The process of population ageing is a demographic phenomenon of an intensity and scale previously unseen, which spreads over almost all the European countries and other highly developed societies of the world. The extension of lifespan caused mainly by the advance of medicine and the economic development increased interest in the old age in the cultural, economic and social aspect. The fact of the society getting old is related to numerous social, medical, cultural and economic consequences. Old age and its aspects is strongly connected with the socio-ecological model of health, the purpose of which is the global evaluation of the quality of life combining medical, psychosocial and cultural consequences of growing old. This study attempts to describe the issue of the quality of life of the elderly paying special attention to health and the social functioning of senior citizens.