Relations between the United States of America and Great Britain from the Monroe doctrine to the Mexican-American war, 1823-1846
Nguyen, van Sang
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The main purpose of the doctoral dissertation is to present the development of the relations between the United States of America and Great Britain from the declaration of the Monroe Doctrine to the American-Mexican war during the years from 1823 to 1846 in three mainly aspects: politics, trade and slave trade. The scope of the dissertation is carried out in the period from 1823 to 1846. However, in the first part, the dissertation also presents this relation from the establishing of this relation until the Monroe Doctrine declared in 1823 in order to show that the development of relations between the United States of America and Great Britain in the next period was based on the previous historical events and relations. Except for an introduction, a conclusion, a list of references and appendixes, the doctoral dissertation is divided into four chapters. The first chapter introduces the history of the relationship between the United States and Great Britain from the beginning to the birth of the Monroe Doctrine in 1823. I have sketched the history of relations between the two countries through periods, from the foundation after the revolutionary war of the United States, the war of 1812 to its development after the war. I have used an important part to analyze the Monroe Doctrine in terms of origin, the process of birth, its content and impact. These issues are the basis for the main topic of the thesis. The second chapter deals with political relations and territorial disputes between the United States and Great Britain. In particular, I have focused on analyzing territorial disputes such as the case of Oregon, Texas, the Northeast border of Maine and New Brunswick which had existed in the bilateral relationship since the Paris treaty in 1783. Political accidents such as Caroline affair (1837) and McLeod case (1841) appeared during this period are also presented. The issues of territorial disputes and diplomatic events are comprehensively approached from the historical context, views of each country, and the process of negotiating to the results achieved between the two countries related to the problem. The third chapter presents the British-American trade. Compared to other relationships, trade between the United States and Great Britain was not only direct but also indirect. In this chapter, the thesis analyzes the direct relationship in trade between the United States and Great Britain and indirect trade exchanges between the United States and the British colonies in East Indies, West Indies and in North America. At each specific issue, I concentrated on analyzing historical aspects affecting trade exchange, synthesizing, and processing of data on export, import and import-export turnover, comparing the scale of trade between the United States and Great Britain compared to other countries, or the scale of trade between the United States and the British colonies to clarify the British-American trade during the study period of the thesis. The last chapter deals with slavery and maritime rights in relations between the United States and Great Britain. This chapter is divided into four issues. The first issue mentions the release of slaves on American ships by Great Britain in specific cases such as Comet (1831), Encomium (1835), Enterprise (1835) and Hermosa (1840). The next section presents the controversial issue in the Anglo-American relations involving impressment of American sailors by British ships, which was the cause of the war in 1812. Part three relates to maritime rights associated with Creole incidents in 1841. In the final section, the relationship between Great Britain and the United States on the right of search and visit of British cruisers toward the American ship in preventing the exploitation of the United States flag for slave trade.