Aranżowanie wywiadu z samodzielnymi pracownikami nauki przez ankietera-studenta
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In a research on professional careers and their relation to family life of 13 female professors, a serious difficulty consisted in the role discrepancy between the respondents and the student interviewer as well as in the delicate nature of questions to be asked. It was anticipated that professors, being accustomed to the role of an examiner, would not be willing to be approached and interviewed by a student. To overcome this difficulty the interviewer undertook the following measures aiming at the creation of a proper psychological climate favourable for interviewing: 1. First contacts, in order to make an appointment, were established by telephone; it was explained to interviewees that the purpose of the research was to prepare an M. A. thesis under the direction of a well-known female professor teaching at the same university. 2. The interviews were preceded by a short social conversation during which the roles of a host and a guest were established respectively between the respondent and the interviewer. 3. The first topic dealt within the interviews related to respondents’ professional career which fact created a favourable attitude of the interviewees who were thus given an opportunity to present themselves as successful scientists despite certain handicaps connected with their sex. Feminine sex of the interviewer also contributed to this effect due to the feeling of feminine solidarity. The above results seem to show that in spite of strong social barriers between the respondents and the interviewer it is possible to establish a good interviewing rapport owing to the proper structuring of the social roles and motivations involved in the interview situation.