Problem akceptacji choroby u osób uzależnionych od alkoholu. Znaczenie zasobów osobistych
Disease acceptance plays great importance in process of accommodation for chronic disease. The study was aimed at the evaluation of the effect of acceptance of addiction from alcohol as a disease on long-term abstinence among male alcoholics attending in outpatient clinics. The attempt of finding personal resources which are connected with disease acceptance was taken too. 132 Jan Chodkiewicz The patients were evaluated twice: at the beginning (N= 194) and the end of therapy (N = 98). According to the results of a questionnaire two subgroups on the grounds of the duration of their abstinence after alcohol treatment were distinguished. The first subgroup of 52 patients (A) abstained for over 12 months, while the other (B) included 28 patients who had relapses in that period. On the beginning of the therapy the disease acceptance differentiate patients from these two groups. A-group patients has statistical higher level of disease acceptance than B-group patients. This difference is invariable despite of growth of disease acceptance in both groups in the course of treatment. Most helpful for disease acceptance happen the personal resources like: preference of active ways of coping with stress, a sense of self-worth and efficacy, satisfaction with life, optimism and low level of fear. The great importance have also need of endurance, achievements and order.