Z badań nad konsumpcją i rynkiem w warunkach kryzysu
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In this work there are presented the results of studies carried out by the members of Research Unit on Consumption and Living Conditions from the Institute of Econometrics and Statistics, University of Lodz, and it is an attempt at multidimensional evaluation of the impact of crisis in the early eighties on consumption reactions and behaviours of households. Chapter One deals with methods allowing to estimate the size of unsatisfied demand for certain foodstuffs, with a special attention being focussed on price indicators of disequilibrium. Chapter Two discusses the results yielded by application of econometric models for elaborating forecasts of purchases of durable consumer goods and utilization of these models for assessing the size of unsatisfied demand. Chapter Three contains the results of analysis on impact of different factors on the volume and structure of consumption. Special attention has been devoted here to demographic and social factors. Comparison of estimates for the years 1973-1976 and1979-19B2 has allowed to determine changes in the observed interrelationships, which appeared in the period of economic crisis. Finally, Chapter Four describes an attempt to analyze the impact of crisis on changes in the level, structure and forms of consumption in households and on differentiated effects on crisis on budgets in different household groups.