The subject of this chapter is the relationship between public authorities and the system
of the health care. Author discusses the legal character of the Polish “health insurance”
as a form of trust, and against this background describes the role and duties of the public
authorities. It has been presented the question of the financing of the system connected
to circle of its beneficiaries and benefits and services’ scope. Author considers also the admissibility
of constructing a claim for benefit against public authority taking into account
the lawmaking and supervisory duties of public authorities.