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dc.contributor.authorGralik, Dawid
dc.contributor.editorJarno, Witold
dc.contributor.editorKita, Jarosław
dc.identifier.citationGralik D., Nie tylko „generał Mróz ” wpływ czynników pogodowych na przebieg kampanii rosyjskiej Napoleona na wybranych przykładach, [w:] Oblicza Wojny, tom 1 Armia kontra natura, Jarno W., Kita J. (red.), Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego, Łódź 2020, s. 107-121, DOI: 10.18778/8220-055-3.08pl_PL
dc.description.abstractNapoleon’s Russian campaigns one of the best known examples of the impact of weather conditions on the process of military actions. In the article, on selected examples, the influence of weather on the actions and condition of both armies, mainly the Great Army, is analyzed. Adverse weather conditions accompanied the 1812 warfare from the very beginning in the form of a storm that took place at the turn of June and July. Then a period of intense heat began, which caused considerable problems for the soldiers moving in fast marches, who were also deprived of access to drinking water. Finally, the extremely cold winter, even for Russia’s climate, contributed, however not always directly, to deaths of many soldiers on both sides of conflict. Although weather is difficult to see as the main cause of Napoleon’s defeat, it was an extremely important part of 1812 military actions.pl_PL
dc.publisherWydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiegopl_PL
dc.relation.ispartofJarno W., Kita J. (red.), Oblicza Wojny, tom 1 Armia kontra natura, Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiego, Łódź 2020;
dc.rightsAttribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Międzynarodowe*
dc.subjectRussian campaignpl_PL
dc.subjectNapoleon Bonapartepl_PL
dc.subjectwar and weatherpl_PL
dc.subjectNapoleonic Warspl_PL
dc.titleNie tylko „generał Mróz ” wpływ czynników pogodowych na przebieg kampanii rosyjskiej Napoleona na wybranych przykładachpl_PL
dc.title.alternativeNot just „general Frost”. The influence of weather factors on the course of Napoleon’s Russian campaign on selected examplespl_PL
dc.typeBook chapterpl_PL
dc.rights.holder© Copyright by the Authors, Łódź 2020 © Copyright for this edition Uniwersytet Łódzki, Łódź 2020pl_PL
dc.contributor.authorAffiliationUniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, Wydział Historii, Zakład Historii Wojskowejpl_PL

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Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Międzynarodowe
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 Międzynarodowe