Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorZadworna, Magdalena
dc.description.abstractIntroduction: By participating in the University of the Third Age (U3A), retirees are offered the opportunity for activation and development in the later years of life. However, little is known how certain aspects of healthy aging, such as health-related behavior and subjective health outcomes, differ between U3A students and other older adults not taking part in any form of education. To address this, the aim of the present study was to compare selected aspects of healthy aging in a group of U3A members with older adults not taking part in any form of lifelong learning. The study also establishes relationships between the tested variables and predictors of health behavior. Materials and methods: 277 older adults (130 U3A members and 147 non-members) aged 60–92 (M = 68.84, SD = 5.32) completed measures of health behavior, self-rated physical health, self-rated sense of own health responsibility and satisfaction with life. Results: The U3A attendees presented significantly higher scores for general health behavior and some of its components, and declared higher self-rated health than their peers not affiliated to any educational organization. Self-rated health, responsibility for health and satisfaction with life were positively correlated with general health behavior and most of their categories. but the correlation coefficients differed between both groups. A hierarchical regression model demonstrated the predictive roles of attendance in U3A, sociodemographic and subjective factors in health behavior undertaking. Conclusions: The study results may help to identify older adults who should be targeted in interventions aimed at supporting healthy aging.pl_PL
dc.relation.ispartofseriesArchives of Gerontology and Geriatrics;90
dc.rightsUznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowe*
dc.subjectUniversity of the Third age (U3A)pl_PL
dc.subjectLifelong learningpl_PL
dc.subjectHealthy agingpl_PL
dc.subjectHealth behaviorpl_PL
dc.subjectHealth outcomespl_PL
dc.subjectOlder adultspl_PL
dc.subjectSelf-rated healthpl_PL
dc.subjectHealth responsibilitypl_PL
dc.subjectSatisfaction with lifepl_PL
dc.titleHealthy aging and the University of the Third Age – Health behavior and subjective health outcomes in older adultspl_PL
dc.contributor.authorAffiliationUniversity of Lodz, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Institute of Psychology, Department of Health Psychology, Lodz, Polandpl_PL
dc.referencesAbuladze, L., Kunder, N., Lang, K., & Vaask, S. (2017). Associations between self-rated health and health behaviour among older adults in Estonia: A cross-sectional analysis. BMJ Open, 7(6),
dc.referencesAroogh, M. D., & Shahboulaghi, F. M. (2020). Social participation of older adults: A concept analysis. International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery, 8(1), 55–72.
dc.referencesBaker, D. P., Leon, J., Smith Greenaway, E. G., Collins, J., & Movit, M. (2011). The education effect on population health: A reassessment. Population and Development Review, 37(2), 307–332.
dc.referencesBoudiny, K. (2013). “Active ageing”: From empty rhetoric to effective policy tool. Ageing and Society, 33(6), 1077–1098.
dc.referencesBrown, R. C. H., Maslen, H., & Savulescu, J. (2019). Against moral responsibilisation of health: Prudential responsibility and health promotion. Public Health Ethics, 12(2), 114.
dc.referencesBrudek, P., Krok, D., & Telka, E. (2017). The health assessment and the dimensions of positive mental functioning among elderly people. In C. Carlson (Ed.). Mental health: Services, assessment and perspectives (pp. 25–48). Nova Science Publishers.pl_PL
dc.referencesBurke, G. L., Arnold, A. M., Bild, D. E., Cushman, M., Fried, L. P., Newman, A., et al. (2001). Factors associated with healthy aging: The cardiovascular health study. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 49(3), 254–262. 1532-5415.2001.4930254.x.pl_PL
dc.referencesCohen, J. (1992). A power primer. Psychological Bulletin, 112(1), 155–159. https://doi. org/10.1037/0033-2909.112.1.155.pl_PL
dc.referencesCohrdes, C., Mensink, G. B. M., & Hölling, H. (2018). How you live is how you feel? Positive associations between different lifestyle factors, cognitive functioning, and health-related quality of life across adulthood. Quality of Life Research, 27(12), 3281–3292.
dc.referencesCutler, D. M., & Lleras-Muney, A. (2006). Education and health: Evaluatingtheories and evidence. National Bureau of Economic Research Bulletin on Aging and Health, 37.
dc.referencesCybulski, M., Cybulski, L., Krajewska-Kulak, E., & Cwalina, U. (2017). Self-assessment of the mental health status in older adults in Poland: A cross-sectional study. BMC Psychiatry, 17(1), 383.
dc.referencesCybulski, M., Krajewska-Kulak, E., & Jamiolkowski, J. (2015). Preferred health behaviors and quality of life of the elderly people in Poland. Clinical Interventions in Aging, 10, 1555–1564.
dc.referencesDahan-Oliel, N., Gélinas, I., & Mazer, B. (2008). Social participation in the elderly: What does the literature tell us? Critical Reviews in Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, 20(2), 159–176.
dc.referencesDiener, E., Emmons, R. A., Larsen, R. J., & Griffin, S. (1985). The satisfaction with life scale. Journal of Personality Assessment, 49(1), 71. s15327752jpa4901_13.pl_PL
dc.referencesDiener, E., Pressman, S. D., Hunter, J., & Delgadillo-Chase, D. (2017). If, why, and when subjective well-being influences health, and future needed research. Applied Psychology Health and Well-being, 9(2), 133–167. 12090.pl_PL
dc.referencesDutta-Bergman, M. J. (2004). An alternative approach to social capital: Exploring the linkage between health consciousness and community participation. Health Communication, 16(4), 393–409.
dc.referencesEaglehouse, Y. L., Schafer, G. L., Arena, V. C., Kramer, M. K., Miller, R. G., & Kriska, A. M. (2016). Impact of a community-based lifestyle intervention program on health-related quality of life. Quality of Life Research, 25(8), 1903–1912. 1007/s11136-016-1240-7.pl_PL
dc.referencesEriksson, I., Undén, A.-L., & Elofsson, S. (2001). Self-rated health. Comparisons between three different measures. Results from a population study. International Journal of Epidemiology, 30(2), 326–333.
dc.referencesFaul, F., Erdfelder, E., Lang, A. G., & Buchner, A. (2007). G*Power 3: A flexible statistical power analysis program for the social, behavioral, and biomedical sciences. Behavior Research Methods, 39(2), 175–191.
dc.referencesFiacco, S., Mernone, L., & Ehlert, U. (2020). Psychobiological indicators of the subjectively experienced health status - findings from the Women 40+ Healthy Aging Study. BMC Women's Health, 20(1), 16.
dc.referencesFormosa, M. (2014). Four decades of Universities of the third age: Past, present, future. Ageing and Society, 34(1), 42–66.
dc.referencesGould, S. J. (1990). Health consciousness and health behavior: The application of a new health consciousness scale. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 6(4), 228–237.
dc.referencesGünder, E. E. (2014). Third age perspectives on lifelong learning: Third Age University. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 116, 1165–1169. sbspro.2014.01.363.pl_PL
dc.referencesHammond, C. (2002). What is it about education that makes us healthy? Exploring the education-health connection. International Journal of Lifelong Education, 21(6), 551–571.
dc.referencesHammond, C. (2003). How education makes us healthy. London Review of Education, 1(1), 61–78.
dc.referencesHammond, C. (2005). The wider benefits of adult learning: An illustration of the advantages of multi-method research. International Journal of Social Research Methodology: Theory and Practice, 8(3), 239–255. 13645570500155037pl_PL
dc.referencesHavighurst, R. J. (1961). Successful aging. The Gerontologist, 1(1), 8–13. 10.1093/geront/1.1.8.pl_PL
dc.referencesHong, H. (2009). Scale development for measuring health consciousness: Re-conceptualization. Paper Presented at the 12th Annual International Public Relations Research Conference, Holiday Inn University of Miami Coral Gables, FL. http://www.
dc.referencesIñiguez-Berrozpe, T., Elboj-Saso, C., Flecha, A., & Marcaletti, F. (2020). Benefits of adult education participation for low-educated women. Adult Education Quarterly, 70(1), 64–88.
dc.referencesJenkins, A. (2011). Participation in learning and wellbeing among older adults. International Journal of Lifelong Education, 30(3), 403–420. 02601370.2011.570876.pl_PL
dc.referencesJuczyński, Z. (2009). Narzȩdzia pomiaru w promocji i psychologii zdrowia [Measurement tools in health promotion and psychology]. PWN.pl_PL
dc.referencesKanning, M., & Schlicht, W. (2008). A bio-psycho-social model of successful aging as shown through the variable “physical activity”. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, 5(2), 79–87.
dc.referencesKostka, T., & Jachimowicz, V. (2010). Relationship of quality of life to dispositional optimism, health locus of control and self-efficacy in older subjects living in different environments. Quality of Life Research, 19(3), 351–361. s11136-010-9601-0.pl_PL
dc.referencesKozieł, D., Kaczmarczyk, M., Naszydłowska, E., & Gałuszka, R. (2008). Wpływ kształcenia w Uniwersytecie Trzeciego Wieku na zachowania zdrowotne ludzi starszych [The influence of studying at the Third Age University on elderly people’s health behaviour]. Studia Medyczne, 12, 23–28.pl_PL
dc.referencesKraft, F. B., & Goodell, P. W. (1993). Identifying the health conscious consumer. Journal of Health Care Marketing, 13(3), 18–25.pl_PL
dc.referencesKrzepota, J., Biernat, E., & Florkiewicz, B. (2015). The relationship between levels of physical activity and quality of life among students of the university of the third age. Central European Journal of Public Health, 23(4), 335–339. cejph.a4136.pl_PL
dc.referencesKusumastuti, S., Derks, M. G. M., Tellier, S., Di Nucci, E., Lund, R., Mortensen, E. L., et al. (2016). Successful ageing: A study of the literature using citation network analysis. Maturitas, 93, 4–12.
dc.referencesLewis, L. (2014). Responding to the mental health and well-being agenda in adult community learning. Research in Post-Compulsory Education, 19(4), 357–377. https://doi. org/10.1080/13596748.2014.955364pl_PL
dc.referencesLyyra, T. M., Leskinen, E., Jylhä, M., & Heikkinen, E. (2009). Self-rated health and mortality in older men and women: A time-dependent covariate analysis. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 48(1), 14–18. 004.pl_PL
dc.referencesMartin, P., Kelly, N., Kahana, B., Kahana, E., Willcox, B. J., Willcox, D. C., et al. (2015). Defining successful aging: a tangible or elusive concept? The Gerontologist, 55(1), 14–25.
dc.referencesMartinson, B. C., Sherwood, N. E., Crain, A. L., Hayes, M. G., King, A. C., Pronk, N. P., et al. (2010). Maintaining physical activity among older adults: 24-month outcomes of the Keep Active Minnesota randomized controlled trial. Preventive Medicine, 51(1), 37–44.
dc.referencesMeng, Q., Xie, Z., & Zhang, T. (2014). A single-item self-rated health measure correlates with objective health status in the elderly: A survey in suburban beijing. Frontiers in Public Health, 2, 27.
dc.referencesMerriam, S. B., & Kee, Y. (2014). Promoting community wellbeing: The case for lifelong learning for older adults. Adult Education Quarterly, 64(2), 128–144. 10.1177/0741713613513633.pl_PL
dc.referencesMichaelidou, N., & Hassan, L. M. (2008). The role of health consciousness, food safety concern and ethical identity on attitudes and intentions towards organic food. International Journal of Consumer Studies, 32(2), 163–170. 1470-6431.2007.00619.xpl_PL
dc.referencesMichel, J. P., & Sadana, R. (2017). “Healthy Aging” concepts and measures. Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, 18(6), 460–464. jamda.2017.03.008.pl_PL
dc.referencesMinkler, M. (1999). Personal responsibility for health? A review of the arguments and the evidence at century’s end. Health Education & Behavior, 26(1), 121–140. https://doi. org/10.1177/109019819902600110.pl_PL
dc.referencesNarushima, M. (2008). More than nickels and dimes: The health benefits of a communitybased lifelong learning programme for older adults. International Journal of Lifelong Education, 27(6), 673–692.
dc.referencesNarushima, M., Liu, J., & Diestelkamp, N. (2018). Lifelong learning in active ageing discourse: Its conserving effect on wellbeing, health and vulnerability. Ageing and Society, 38(4), 651–675.
dc.referencesOpdenacker, J., Boen, F., Coorevits, N., & Delecluse, C. (2008). Effectiveness of a lifestyle intervention and a structured exercise intervention in older adults. Preventive Medicine, 46(6), 518–524.
dc.referencesPeel, N. M., McClure, R. J., & Bartlett, H. P. (2005). Behavioral determinants of healthy aging. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 28(3), 298–304. 1016/j.amepre.2004.12.002.pl_PL
dc.referencesPinquart, M. (2001). Correlates of subjective health in older adults: A meta-analysis. Psychology and Aging, 16(3), 414–426.
dc.referencesResnik, D. B. (2007). Responsibility for health: Personal, social, and environmental. Journal of Medical Ethics, 33(8), 444–445. 017574.pl_PL
dc.referencesResnik, D. B. (2014). Genetics and personal responsibility for health. New Genetics and Society, 33(2), 113–125.
dc.referencesRied, J., Dabrock, P., Schneider, D., Voit, W., Rief, W., & Hilbert, A. (2010). Verantwortung für die eigene gesundheit. Eine interdisziplinäre diskussion am beispiel der adipositas. Gesundheitswesen, 72(3), 161–162.
dc.referencesSamolinski, B., Raciborski, F., Bousquet, J., Kosiniak-Kamysz, W., Radziewicz-Winnicki, I., Klaka, A., et al. (2015). Development of senioral policy in Poland-analysis. European Geriatric Medicine, 6(4), 389–395. 01.009.pl_PL
dc.referencesSchnittker, J., & Bacak, V. (2014). The increasing predictive validity of self-rated health. PloS One, 9(1),
dc.referencesShi, L. (1998). Sociodemographic characteristics and individual health behaviors. Southern Medical Journal, 91(10), 933–941. 199810000-00007.pl_PL
dc.referencesSiahpush, M., Spittal, M., & Singh, G. K. (2008). Happiness and life satisfaction prospectively predict self-rated health, physical health, and the presence of limiting, long-term health conditions. American Journal of Health Promotion, 23(1), 18–26.
dc.referencesSloane-Seale, A., & Kops, B. (2013). Older adults in lifelong learning: Participation and successful aging. Canadian Journal of University Continuing Education, 34(1), https://
dc.referencesStatistics Poland (2019). Uniwersytety Trzeciego Wieku w roku akademickim 2017/2018 [Universities of the Third Age in the 2017/2018 academic year]. obszary-tematyczne/edukacja/edukacja/uniwersytety-trzeciego-wieku-w-rokuakademickim-20172018,11,2.html.pl_PL
dc.referencesŚwierżewska, D. (2010). Satysfakcja z życia aktywnych i nieaktywnych osób po 60 roku życia [Satisfaction with life of active and inactive people over 60]. Psychologia Rozwojowa, 15(2), 89–99.pl_PL
dc.referencesTraina, G., Martinussen, P. E., & Feiring, E. (2019). Being healthy, being sick, being responsible: Attitudes towards responsibility for health in a public healthcare system. Public Health Ethics, 12(2), 145.
dc.referencesUnited Nations Programme on Ageing and International Association of Gerontology and Geriatrics (2007). Research agenda on ageing for the 21st century, update 2007. http://
dc.referencesWHO (2015). World report on ageing and health handle/10665/186463/9789240694811_eng.pdf?sequence=1.pl_PL
dc.referencesWilson, J. J., Blackburn, N. E., O’Reilly, R., Kee, F., Caserotti, P., & Tully, M. A. (2019). Association of objective sedentary behaviour and self-rated health in English older adults. BMC Research Notes, 12(1),
dc.referencesWu, S., Wang, R., Zhao, Y., Ma, X., Wu, M., Yan, X., et al. (2013). The relationship between self-rated health and objective health status: A population-based study. BMC Public Health, 13(1), 320.
dc.referencesWuorela, M., Lavonius, S., Salminen, M., Vahlberg, T., Viitanen, M., & Viikari, L. (2020). Self-rated health and objective health status as predictors of all-cause mortality among older people: A prospective study with a 5-, 10-, and 27-year follow-up. BMC Geriatrics, 20(1),
dc.referencesZadworna-Cieślak, M. (2017). The measurement of health-related behavior in late adulthood: The Health-Related Behavior Questionnaire for Seniors. Roczniki Psychologiczne/Annals of Psychology, 20(3), 599–617. rpsych.2017.20.3-3en.pl_PL
dc.referencesZadworna-Cieślak, M. (2020). Spirituality, satisfaction with life and health-related behavior of older residents of long-term care institutions—A pilot study. Explore, 16(2), 123–129.
dc.referencesZadworna-Cieślak, M., & Ogińska-Bulik, N. (2013). Zachowania zdrowotne osób w wieku senioralnym : Rola optymizmu [Health behaviors in the group of people in late adulthood period – The role of optimism]. Psychogeriatria Polska, 10(4), 145–156.pl_PL
dc.referencesZadworna-Cieślak, M., & Ogińska-Bulik, N. (2018). Specificity of health-related behaviours in middle and late adulthood. Health Problems of Civilization, 12(1), 7–13.
dc.referencesZadworna-Cieślak, M., & Ogińska-Bulik, N. (2019). Satisfaction with life in old age – The role of developmental tasks attainment and resiliency. Przegląd Badań Edukacyjnych/ Educational Studies Review, 1(28), 23.
dc.referencesZajac-Gawlak, I., Pośpiech, D., Kroemeke, A., Mossakowska, M., Gába, A., Pelclová, J., et al. (2016). Physical activity, body composition and general health status of physically active students of the University of the Third Age (U3A). Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 64, 66–74. 008.pl_PL
dc.referencesZasadzka, E., Trzmiel, T., Pochylska, J., Kropińska, S., & Pawlaczyk, M. (2017). Sprawność i samopoczucie słuchaczy Uniwersytetu Trzeciego Wieku [Physical function and well-being of the Third Age University students]. Gerontologia Polska, 25, 106–111.pl_PL
dc.referencesZielińska-Wieczkowska, H., Muszalik, M., & Kedziora-Kornatowska, K. (2012). The analysis of aging and elderly age quality in empirical research: Data based on University of the Third Age (U3A) students. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 55(1), 195–199.

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowe
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Uznanie autorstwa 4.0 Międzynarodowe