System partycypacji robotniczej w Republice Federalnej Niemiec
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In the entire period following the Second World War, and especially in the seventies there took place a marked progress in development of industrial democracy in the FRG. This refers mainly to representative forms of this democracy. Workers participation is carried out through factory committees composed of representatives of the whole body of workers, and representatives of employees in supervisory councils and on company boards. With the exception of the metallurgical and coalmining industries where the position of employees and shareholders' representatives is more or loss equalized, in the remaining industries employers occupy by far the most predominant position. Trade unions are situated outside the company but their influence inside the company and, first of all, indirect influence is quite considerable. One of drawbacks in the participation system in the FRG is absence of possibilities for participation of individual employees in making decisions, which causes their dissatisfaction with the existing system.