Pracujący w polskiej gospodarce. Próba syntezy zamian w latach dziewięćdziesiątych
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Changes occurring in the Polish economy have a multidimensional character and the headway made in them varies. There have appeared variations in the discounting of benefits resulting from market orientation of the economy. A sphere, in which negative effects continue to predominate (despite various adopted measures) is, for instance, the labour market and, in particular, its demand side. An attempt was made in the article to sum up transformations in the aggregation of working people and its more precise goal was identification of working groups, which have benefited and those, which have lost as a result of systemic, social-political transformations. The analysis has revealed that negative tendencies with varying intensification have predominated in the aggregation of working people in the analysed period. Despite passage of time the Polish economy has not managed to make up for losses in this field even if the importance of the private sector is overestimated. During the first decade of the Polish economy’s transformation it proved impossible to solve by public means a conversion of unemployment generated by job losses in the public sector into a quantitatively and structurally appropriate growth of work force in the private sector. It gives gronds for questioning the scope, pace and directions of occurring changes. There should be also emphasised the lack of experience as regards behaviours in the labour market among the Polish society, which was best visible during the initial period of transformations.