Państwowy sektor rolny w warunkach funkcjonowania reformy gospodarczej
MetadataShow full item record
An attempt at remodelling the economic-financial system binding state agricultural farms was made in mid-1981. The system of commands and centralized allocation of supplies used for many years had proved to be poorly effective, hampering increase in efficiency, and promoting involvement of disproportionately high inputs in relation to obtained production effects. The operation of this system had shown many negative phenomena reflecting negatively on conditions and effects of activity of state agricultural farms. Thus, it is no wonder that the system has become an object of strong criticism on the part of specialists and the general public in the late seventies. The response and the expression of reformatory tendencies in the economic sphere was an attempt aiming at basing the operation of these farms on new principles undertaken as from July 1, 1981. The main principles under lying the new economic-financial system of state agricultural farms were autonomy, self-financing of their entire economic activity, and self-management of employees. The system introduced a principle that state agricultural enterprises shape their organization, directions and structure of production, and plan their economic-financial operations in a fully autonomous way. The very essence of the agrarian issue in Poland, organizational prerequisites of the state sector functioning, instruments of controlling economic processes in this sector , as well as the motivation system have become an object of analysis and critical evaluation based on the authors' own studies and the literature of the subject.