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dc.contributor.authorWendykowska, Emilia
dc.description.abstractThe following article is to introduce the reader into a cultural and intellectual movement whose aim is to identify the need for improvement in human life in the sphere of physicality as well as mentality with the aid of modern technologies – transhumanism. With the dramatic change in the perception of technology, transhumanist welcome the opportunity to improve cognitive skills, help to perpetuate human happiness, or increase longevity. Although the opponents of the transhumanist thought dismiss it as “the world’s most dangerous idea,” the adversaries advocate that the alternation of human form is both practical and reasonable. With the use of modern technology, enthusiasts of transhumanism try to prove that the human body needs to be re-invented in order to transcend the natural limitations. In my work I will try to tackle the problem of human body being currently subject to gradual transition from Homo Sapiens to Robo Sapiens, the process of ‘becoming’ a cyborg. By incorporating bodily augmentation, contemporary artists such as Stelarc or Neil Harbisson cast a light on the change of physical form, as well as the definition of being human. Evoking much controversy, transhumanism brings a completely new dimension to the understanding of the current human condition.pl_PL
dc.publisherDepartment of Studies in Drama and Pre-1800 English Literature, University of Łódźpl_PL
dc.relation.ispartofseriesAnalyses/Rereadings/Theories Journal;2
dc.rightsUznanie autorstwa-Użycie niekomercyjne-Bez utworów zależnych 3.0 Polska*
dc.subjectNeil Harbissonpl_PL
dc.titleApproaching Transhumanism: On How Human Beings Transform in the 21st Centurypl_PL
dc.rights.holderEmilia Wendykowskapl_PL
dc.contributor.authorBiographicalnoteEmilia Wendykowska is a graduate of English Philology at the University of Łódź. She is mainly interested in gender studies, posthumanism as well as postcolonialism, which is visible in both of her theses. While her BA thesis is a comparative study of female characters in Hemingway’s The Sun also Rises and Fitzgerald’s Tender is the Night (2011), her MA dissertation tackles the problem of gender and sexuality in Tennessee Williams’ A Streetcar Named Desire (2013).pl_PL
dc.referencesBostrom, Nick. “Transhumanist Values.”, n.p. n.d. Web. 10 Apr. 2014.pl_PL
dc.referencesClark, Andy. Natural Born Cyborgs: Minds, Technologies, and the Future of Human Intelligence. Oxford: Oxford UP. 2003. Print.pl_PL
dc.referencesDevlin, Matthew. Cultivating Better Brains: Transhumanism and its Critics on the Ethics of Enhancement Via Braincomputer Interfacing. Diss. University of Western Ontario, 2014. Web. 1 Dec 2014.pl_PL
dc.references“Ear on Arm.” Stelarc, n.d. Web. 2 July 2014.pl_PL
dc.referencesFisher, Michael M. J. “Body Marks (Bestial/Natural/Divine): An Essay on the Social and Biotechnological Imaginaries 1920–2008, and Bodies to Come.” Anthropological Features. Durham: Duke UP, 2009. 159-96. Print.pl_PL
dc.referencesFukuyama, Francis. “Transhumanism: The World’s Most Dangerous Idea.” Foreign Policy 144 (2004): 42-43. Print.pl_PL
dc.referencesGrosz, Elizabeth. “Naked.” The Prosthetic Impulse: From a Posthuman Present to a Biocultural Future. Eds. Marquard Smith and Joanne Morra. Cambridge: MIT Press, 2006. 187-202. Google Books. Web. 2 Dec 2014.pl_PL
dc.referencesHaraway, Donna. “A Cyborg Manifesto: Science, Technology, and Socialist-Feminism in the Late Twentieth Century.” The Cybercultures Reader. Eds. David Bell, and Barbara M. Kennedy. London: Routledge, 1991. 291-324. Print.pl_PL
dc.referencesHarbisson, Neil. “Cyborg Neil Harbisson Uses His Eyeborg to Listen to Colour.” 20 Nov. 2013. Web. 15 June 2014.pl_PL
dc.referencesHarbisson, Neil. “I Listen to Color.” TED Global Scotland. June 2012. Web. 10 June 2014.pl_PL
dc.referencesJones, Meredith, and Zoё Sofia. “Stelarc and Orlan in the Middle Ages.” The Cyborg Experiments: The Extensions of the Body in the Media Age. Ed. Joanna Zylinska. London: Continuum, 2002. 139-140. Google Books. Web. 11 Dec 2014.pl_PL
dc.referencesKreps, Andy. Cyborgism: Cyborgs, Performance and Society. 2007. Google Books. Web 15 June 2014.pl_PL
dc.referencesMassumi, Brian. “The Evolutionary Alchemy of Reason – Stelarc.” Parables for the Virtual: Movement, Affect, Sensation. Durham: Duke UP, 2002. 89-132. Google Books. Web. 6 Dec 2014.pl_PL
dc.referencesMore, Max. “On Becoming Transhuman.” Max More, 1994. Web. 2 July 2014.pl_PL
dc.referencesStelarc. “Extended-Body: Interview with Stelarc.” n.p., n.d. Web. 7 July 2014.pl_PL
dc.references“Stelarc Early Texts.” Stelarc, n.d. Web. 2 July 2014.pl_PL
dc.referencesTirosh-Samuelson, Hava. “Engaging Transhumanism.” H± Transhumanism and its Critics. Ed. Gregory R. Hansell and William Grassie. Philadelphia: Metanexux Institute, 2011. 19-54. Print.pl_PL
dc.referencesVan Zyl, Susanne Hildegard. “Crossing the Boundaries: Stelarc’s Artworks and the Reclaiming of the Obsolete Body.” Diss. University of the Witwatersrand, 2008. Web. 2 July 2014.pl_PL
dc.referencesVita-More, Natasha. “Bringing Arts/Design into the Discussion of Transhumanism.” H± Transhumanism and Its Critics. Ed. Gregory R. Hansell and William Grassie. Philadelphia: Metanexus Institute, 2011. 70-83. Print.pl_PL
dc.referencesZylinska, Joanna, and Gary Hall. “Probings: an Interview with Stelarc (with G. Hall).” The Cyborg Experiments: The Extensions of the Body in the Media Age. Ed. Joanna Zylinska. London: Continuum, 2002. 114-130. Google Books. Web. 11 Dec 2014.pl_PL

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Uznanie autorstwa-Użycie niekomercyjne-Bez utworów zależnych 3.0 Polska
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as Uznanie autorstwa-Użycie niekomercyjne-Bez utworów zależnych 3.0 Polska