WIE VIEL INFORMATION KÖNNEN WIR ANTIZIPIEREN? ZUM PROBLEM DER INKREMENTALITÄT UND UNEINGESCHRÄNKTEN INTERAKTIVITÄT BEIM SATZVERSTEHEN
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This paper discusses the issue of the boundaries of incrementality in sentence-comprehension processes.The maximum incrementality, postulated as unlimited interactive sentence-comprehension models, allows anticipation and prediction top-down processing, facilitating quick interpretation of the perceived linguistic input. However, it involves a substantial strain on cognitive resources, especially at the beginning of the sentence. In addition, in the case of structures with verbs placed at the end of a sentence, unlimited interactivity keeps vast knowledge resources active until the verb and its arguments are agreed.This imposes a certain order of importance on interactive models at the same time assigned to the ongoing top-down processing, thus limiting incrementality, interactivity and the ability to anticipate.