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dc.contributor.authorPrus, Robert
dc.description.abstractWhereas Emile Durkheim (1858-1917) has long been envisioned as a structuralist, quantitative, and positivist sociologist, some materials that Durkheim produced in the later stages of his career—namely, Moral Education (1961 [1902-1903]), The Evolution of Educational Thought (1977 [1904-1905]), The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life (1915 [1912]), and Pragmatism and Sociology (1983 [1913-1914]) attest to a very different conception of sociology—one with particular relevance to the study of human knowing, acting, and interchange. Although scarcely known in the social sciences, Emile Durkheim’s (1993 [1887]) “La Science Positive de la Morale en Allemagne” [“The Scientific Study of Morality in Germany”] is an exceptionally important statement for establishing the base of much of Durkheim’s subsequent social thought and for comprehending the field of sociology more generally. This includes the structuralist-pragmatist divide and the more distinctively humanist approach to the study of community life that Durkheim most visibly develops later (1961 [1902-1903]; 1977 [1904-1905]; 1915 [1912]; 1983 [1913-1914]) in his career.en_GB
dc.publisherWydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiegoen_GB
dc.relation.ispartofseriesQualitative Sociology Review; 1
dc.rightsThis work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 License.en_GB
dc.subjectEmile Durkheimen_GB
dc.subjectGerman Social Realismen_GB
dc.subjectWilhelm Wundten_GB
dc.subjectFolk Psychologyen_GB
dc.subjectSymbolic Interactionen_GB
dc.titleRedefining the Sociological Paradigm: Emile Durkheim and the Scientific Study of Moralityen_GB
dc.contributor.authorAffiliationUniversity of Waterloo, Canada
dc.contributor.authorBiographicalnoteRobert Prus is a sociologist (Professor Emeritus) at the University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada. A symbolic interactionist, ethnographer, social theorist, and ethnohistorian. Robert Prus has been examining the conceptual and methodological connections of American pragmatist philosophy and its sociological offshoot, symbolic interactionism, with Classical Greek, Latin, and interim scholarship. In addition to his work on the developmental flows of pragmatist social thought in rhetoric, he also has been studying the flows of Western social thought in the interrelated areas of poetics (fictional representations), philosophy, ethnohistory, religion, education and scholarship, love and friendship, politics and governing practices, and deviance and morality. As part of a larger venture, Robert Prus also has been analyzing a fuller range of texts produced by Emile Durkheim (most notably Durkheim’s later, but lesser known, works on morality, education, religion, and philosophy), mindfully of their pragmatist affinities with Aristotle’s foundational emphasis on the nature of human knowing and acting, as well as Blumerian symbolic interactionism.en_GB
dc.referencesAlexander, Jeffrey. 1986. “Rethinking Durkheim’s Intellectual Development: On the Complex Origins of a Cultural Sociology.” International Sociology 1(1):91-107.en_GB
dc.referencesBlumer, Herbert. 1969. Symbolic Interactionism. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.en_GB
dc.referencesCloeren, Hermann J. 1988. Language and Thought: German Approaches to Analytic Philosophy in the 18th and 19th Centuries. New York: Walter de Gruyter.en_GB
dc.referencesDeploige, Simon. 1911. “Le Conflit de la Morale et de la Sociologie.” Revue Philosophique de Louvain 48:405-417.en_GB
dc.referencesDurkheim, Emile. 1915 [1912]. The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life. Translated by Joseph Ward Swain. London: Allen and Unwin.en_GB
dc.referencesDurkheim, Emile. 1947 [1893]. The Division of Labor in Society. Translated by George Simpson. New York: Free Press.en_GB
dc.referencesDurkheim, Emile. 1951 [1897]. Suicide. Translated by J. A. Spaulding and G. Simpson. New York: Free Press.en_GB
dc.referencesDurkheim, Emile. 1958 [1895]. The Rules of Sociological Method. Translated by S. A. Solvay and E. G. Catlin. New York: Free Press.en_GB
dc.referencesDurkheim, Emile. 1961 [1902-1903]. Moral Education: A Study in the Theory and Application of the Sociology of Education. Translated by Everett K. Wilson and Herman Schnurer. New York: Free Press.en_GB
dc.referencesDurkheim, Emile. 1977 [1904-1905]. The Evolution of Educational Thought. Translated by Peter Collins. London: Routledge &Kegan Paul.en_GB
dc.referencesDurkheim, Emile. 1983 [1913-1914]. Pragmatism and Sociology. Translated by J. C. Whitehouse. Edited and Introduced by John B. Allcock. New York: Cambridge University Press.en_GB
dc.referencesDurkheim, Emile. 1993 [1887]. “La Science Positive de la Morale en Allemagne.” [“The Scientific Study of Morality in Germany.”] Pp. 58-135 in Ethics and the Sociology of Morals. Translated with an Introduction by Robert T. Hall. Buffalo, NY: Prometheus.en_GB
dc.referencesEmirbayer, Mustafa. 1996a. “Durkheim’s Contribution to the Sociological Analysis of History.” Sociological Forum 11(2):263-284.en_GB
dc.referencesEmirbayer, Mustafa. 1996b. “Useful Durkheim.” Sociological Theory 14(2):109-130.en_GB
dc.referencesFournier, Marcel. 2013. Emile Durkheim: A Biography. English translation by David Mace. Malden, MA: Polity Press.en_GB
dc.referencesGisbert, Pascal. 1959. “Social Facts and Durkheim’s System.” Anthropos 54:353-369.en_GB
dc.referencesGrills, Scott and Robert Prus. 2008. “The Myth of the Independent Variable: Reconceptualizing Class, Gender, Race, and Age as Subcultural Processes.” The American Sociologist 39(1):19-37.en_GB
dc.referencesGross, Neil and Robert Alun Jones. 2004. Durkheim’s Philosophy Lectures: Notes from the Lycée de Sens Course, 1883-1884. New York: Cambridge University Press.en_GB
dc.referencesHall, Robert T. 1993. Emile Durkheim: Ethics and the Sociology of Morals. Introduction to and Translation of Emile Durkheim’s 1887 “La Science Positive de la Morale en Allemagne.” Buffalo, NY: Prometheus.en_GB
dc.referencesJones, Robert Alun. 1985. Emile Durkheim: An Introduction to Four Major Works. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.en_GB
dc.referencesJones, Robert Alun. 1994. “The Positive Science of Ethics in France: German Influences on De la Division du Travail Social.” Sociological Forum 9:37-57.en_GB
dc.referencesJones, Robert Alun. 1999. The Development of Durkheim’s Social Realism. New York: Cambridge University Press.en_GB
dc.referencesJones, Robert Alun. 2002. “Pragmatism and Protestantism in the Development of Durkheim’s Sociology of Religion.” Pp. 45-58 in Reappraising Durkheim for the Study and Teaching of Religion Today, edited by T. A. Idinopulos and B. C. Wilson. Boston: Brill.en_GB
dc.referencesLukes, Steven. 1973. Emile Durkheim: His Life and Work. London: Penguin.en_GB
dc.referencesMestrovic, Stjepan. 1991. The Coming Fin de Siècle: An Application of Durkheim’s Sociology to Modernity and Postmodernism. London: Routledge.en_GB
dc.referencesPrus, Robert. 1996. Symbolic Interaction and Ethnographic Research: Intersubjectivity and the Study of Human Lived Experience. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.en_GB
dc.referencesPrus, Robert. 1999. Beyond the Power Mystique: Power as Intersubjective Accomplishment. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.en_GB
dc.referencesPrus, Robert. 2003. “Ancient Precursors.” Pp. 19-38 in Handbook of Symbolic Interactionism, edited by Larry T. Reynolds and Nancy J. Herman-Kinney. New York: Altamira Press.en_GB
dc.referencesPrus, Robert. 2004. “Symbolic Interaction and Classical Greek Scholarship: Conceptual Foundations, Historical Continuities, and Transcontextual Relevancies.” The American Sociologist 35(1):5-33.en_GB
dc.referencesPrus, Robert. 2007a. “Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics: Laying the Foundations for a Pragmatist Consideration of Human Knowing and Acting.” Qualitative Sociology Review 3(2):5-45.en_GB
dc.referencesPrus, Robert. 2007b. “Human Memory, Social Process, and the Pragmatist Metamorphosis: Ethnological Foundations, Ethnographic Contributions and Conceptual Challenges.” Journal of Contemporary Ethnography 36(4):378-437.en_GB
dc.referencesPrus, Robert. 2008. “Aristotle’s Rhetoric: A Pragmatist Analysis of Persuasive Interchange.” Qualitative Sociology Review 4(2):24-62.en_GB
dc.referencesPrus, Robert. 2009a. “Poetic Expressions and Human Enacted Realities: Plato and Aristotle Engage Pragmatist Motifs in Greek Fictional Representations.” Qualitative Sociology Review 5(1):3-27.en_GB
dc.referencesPrus, Robert. 2009b. “Reconceptualizing the Study of Community Life: Emile Durkheim’s Pragmatism and Sociology.” The American Sociologist 40:106-146.en_GB
dc.referencesPrus, Robert. 2011a. “Defending Education and Scholarship in the Classical Greek Era: Pragmatist Motifs in the Works of Plato (c420-348BCE) and Isocrates (c436-338BCE).” Qualitative Sociology Review 7(1):1-35.en_GB
dc.referencesPrus, Robert. 2011b. “Morality, Deviance, and Regulation: Pragmatist Motifs in Plato’s Republic and Laws.” Qualitative Sociology Review 7(2):1-44.en_GB
dc.referencesPrus, Robert. 2012. “On the Necessity of Re-Engaging the Classical Greek and Latin Literatures: Lessons from Emile Durkheim’s The Evolution of Educational Thought.” The American Sociologist 43:172-202.en_GB
dc.referencesPrus, Robert. 2013a. “Aristotle’s Theory of Education: Enduring Lessons in Pragmatist Scholarship.” Pp. 325-343 in The Chicago School Diaspora: Epistemology and Substance, edited by Jacqueline Lowe and Gary Bowden. Montreal, Kingston: McGill-Queens University Press.en_GB
dc.referencesPrus, Robert. 2013b. “Representing, Defending, and Questioning Religion: Pragmatist Sociological Motifs in Plato’s Timaeus, Phaedo, Republic, and Laws.” Qualitative Sociology Review 9(1):8-42.en_GB
dc.referencesPrus, Robert. 2013c. “Generating, Intensifying, and Redirecting Emotionality: Conceptual and Ethnographic Implications of Aristotle’s Rhetoric.” Qualitative Sociology Review 9(4):6-42.en_GB
dc.referencesPrus, Robert. 2015. “Aristotle’s Theory of Deviance and Contemporary Symbolic Interactionist Scholarship: Learning from the Past, Extending the Present, and Engaging the Future.” The American Sociologist 46(1):122-167.en_GB
dc.referencesPrus, Robert. 2017. “Kenneth Burke’s Dramatistic Pragmatism: A Missing Link between Classical Greek Scholarship and the Interactionist Study of Human Knowing and Acting.” Qualitative Sociology Review 13(2):6-58.en_GB
dc.referencesPrus, Robert and Fatima Camara. 2010. “Love, Friendship, and Disaffection in Plato and Aristotle: Toward a Pragmatist Analysis of Interpersonal Relationships.” Qualitative Sociology Review 6(3):29-62.en_GB
dc.referencesPrus, Robert and Scott Grills. 2003. The Deviant Mystique: Involvements, Realities, and Regulation. Westport, CT: Praeger.en_GB
dc.referencesPuddephatt, Antony and Robert Prus. 2007. “Causality, Agency, and Reality: Plato and Aristotle Meet G. H. Mead and Herbert Blumer.” Sociological Focus 40(3):265-286.en_GB
dc.referencesWundt, Wilhelm. 1914. Ethics: An Investigation into the Facts and Laws of the Moral Life [from the second German edition of 1892]. Volume I: The Facts of the Moral Life (translated by Julia Gulliver and Edward Bradford Titchener); Volume II: Ethical Systems (translated by Margaret Floy Washburn); Volume III: The Principles of Morality and the Departments of the Moral Life (translated by Margaret Floy Washburn). London: George Allen.en_GB

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