Działalność wywiadu wojskowego PRL podczas wojny wietnamskiej (1965-1975)
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A lot of resarchers conceptualize that the Vietnam War was the longest military conflict after Second World War. The First Indochina War in 1946 – 1954 was a big humiliation for France soldier who fighted with Viet – Minh and losted in Dien Bien Phu in 1954. When the France soldier lost with troops general Vo Nguyen Giap they must a seat in table negotiation. European country losted Vietnam forever. Genewa was the city where in 1954 France and Vietnamese talked about peace in South Asian. The end of First Indochina was a biginning of the participated american soldier in Vietnam. The first was a Military Advisor Asistent Group. American soldier in Vietnam they felt that involvement in South Asia was a big mistake but they didin’t give up about ten years. President of the United States Richard Nixon had awared that involvement in Vietnam was a bad decision. President after war sayed „Never again Vietnam” what showed attitude president to this hard and difficut conflict. In this complex war in South Asia olso served polish troop, who was concentrated intrested information about the enemy – american troops. The aim of the dissertation is an attempt and show and characterize the intelligence activities of officers and none - commisioned officers belonging to the military division of the Polish People’s Republic in two international polish missions in Vietnam : the International Commission of Supervision and Control (ICSC) 1954-1973 and the International Commission for Control and Supervision (ICCS) 1973 – 1975. The affiliation of the Polish People’s Republic the bloc of the Comunist Conutries controlled by Moscow and global competition between the United Stated and USRR determined Warsaw’s Policy towards the Vietnamese conflict, included the military intelligence Vietnam. The dissertation consist of introduction, eight chapters divided into subsections, conclusions, a list of archive materials and source literature. In chapter I the author presented political and military situation of Vietnam from the late nineteeth and early twentieth century until the end of the First Inochina War, characterized situtation of Vietnam During World War II, showed France lost its political and military significance in Asia, analysed the causes of the First Indochina War, presented the strategy and tactics of the military operations led by French and Vietnamese armies – Viet Minh and the provisions of Geneva Conference in 1954. Chapter II showed the military involvement of American forces in the theatre of war and issues related of expansion of the Vietnamese People’s Army, Viet Cong. The autor analyses the most important offensives and military operations during the Second Indochina War (Rolling Thunder, Linebacker I, Linebacker II, Tet Offensive, Easter Offensive. The author concluded the chapter with a discussion of the provision of the Paris Peace Accords in 1973. In Chapter III author presented the role and the significance of diplomatic relation between the Polish People’s Republic and the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, described cooperations in the scientific, military, economic, and cultural environment as well as presented diplomatic activities of a Polish diplomat Janusz Lewandowski in the Operation Marigold. Chapter IV showed the organizational structure of the Second Unit of The General Staff of Polish Armed Forces in 1945 -1951, which – at this time – was transformer into the Second Directorate of the General Staff of Polish Armed Forces. The author charakterized particular organizational units included in the military inteligence of the Polish People’s Republic, in particulary the Military Unit 2000 dealing with selection and training of officers send to foreign missions. Chapter V describes the International Commission for Supervision and Control (both civil department and military department). The author presented official and unofficial activities of Polish delegation, characterized the entire process related to obtainig ant transfer ring informations towards Warsaw, depiced the role and the significance of the Military Attaches at the Embassy of the Polish People’s Republic in Hanoi and its intelligence actvities. Chapter VI presents the International Commission of Control and Supervision in Vietnam (both civil department and military department). The author presented official and unofficial activities of Polish delegation and brought up the issue of living conditions of the polish officers. Chapter VII charakterize the structure and the task of residency (station) of Palm created in 1973 in South Vietnam and its intelligences cooperation with the Hungarian residency and the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Chapter VIII outlined the issue of cooperation between intelligence agencies of the Warsaw Pact countries, in particular between Polish People, USSR, and Hungarian People’s Republic. Author for created ths dissertation analyses a lot of documents about polish intelligency in Vietnam. Very usefull was a sources sourced in Polish Archives. The author hopes that this dissertation will be contribute to the interest of the other resarches in the subject of the activity of military intelligence cells.