The article presents the newest statistical data on school libraries in Poland based on the System of Information on Education. Results are based on research conducted in rural districts of Poland in 2012. Findings refer to such factors as: network of the libraries in Polish schools, average area of school libraries, average size of book collection and computerization. The author presents profiles of five main types of libraries. In addition, paper contains the results of the survey conducted among pupils of primary (6th class) and secondary schools (2nd class) concerning the ability to take advantage of the school
libraries’ potential. In conclusion author focuses on evaluation of the chances and risks concerning school libraries.