Cechy regionalne w budownictwie na terenie gminu Uniejów
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Since 2011 the authors have been researching the regional features of rural construction in the region of Kolska Structural Basin and in its vicinity. The specific nature of this region involves a high share of buildings erected from the local building stone – upper-Cretaceous limestone silica building stone. The material, common in the area about 1000 km2 in size, is used for outcropping in the region of the village of Rożniatów, the Uniejów commune, where such formations appear on the surface in the upper layer. The article presents the results of research referring to the Uniejów commune, in which there has been listed about 30% of the total of more than 2000 buildings made from limestone silica building stone. Such a considerable distribution of that material not typical of lowland facilitated the study of the technology applied in the regional rural construction, as well as the architectonic solutions used. The buildings made from limestone silica building stone represented by housing and livestock structures, barns, churches and special structures, due to their unique character, provide a very characteristic element of the local landscape. Unfortunately, from year to year the number of structures demonstrating the regional specific nature in the commune has been decreasing. The deteriorating technical condition of the buildings results in launching maintenance works where the stone is replaced with today’s building materials. More and more structures get demolished. It is necessary to initiate the protection of that unique heritage of material culture. In such actions a special role should be played by local government.