Jakość mowy zastępczej u chorych po usunięciu krtani bez protezy głosowej i z wszczepioną protezą głosową typu Provox II
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Introduction. The quality of substitute speech with laryngectomees patients with or without the implanted voice prosthesis type Provox II on the bases of two clinical cases was compared. Material and methods. The evaluation of voice was compared on the bases of two patients treated in Otolaryngological and Laryngological Oncology Clinic. The patients K.P. aged 46 (medical history number 2778/2008) who, on March 12, 2008 underwent total laryngectomy with the Rethie method including the removal of left thyroid lobe due to thyroid and larynx cancer. The patients D.K. ages 44 (medical history number 13705/2010) who on November 4, 2010 underwent total laryngectomy with the Rethie method including selective lymphe node operation of Region II on the right side with the implanting of the voice prosthesis type Provox II due to larynx cancer. Each patients was instructed on tracheostomy care and systematic performing of the fallowing exercises: diaphragmatic‑ribbed tract breathing loosening masseter muscle system and esophageal sphincter, the use of lauder reflection in the process of voice production, the method of obtaining loud reflection lengthening of the time of phonation and eliminating breath sounds. The evaluation of the quality of substitutive speech was performed after three months. Results. On the basis of the conversation with the patients, it turned out that the patient with the implanted voice prosthesis had better quality of substitutive speech and better communication possibility. Conclusions. The learned substitutive speech with the interoperatively implanted the voice prosthesis type P. II turned out to be the best way of communication.
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