"Żniwiarz" Jordana Jowkowa. Przestrzeń przedstawiona i pełnia metafizyczna
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The role of proper names of places and territories, as well as the role of human proper names in the process of generating space seems obvious. Toponyms are directly connected with space, they are names of its parts and places and they allow us to situate characters and events in terms of topography. Thanks to the toponyms a work of literature confirms ils thematic connection with particular places and it refers the reader to a specific cultural,, national or social circle. Thus toponyms should be treated as elements of text with informational value which reaches beyond the limits of the text because they refer to external reality and help to create the cognitive functions of a work. However, it often happens that in spite of the seeming probability, epic topography differs from real topography. Jovkov names places and territories more readily than any other Bulgarian writer, and he names them "realistically", using the exisling names of a given region and taking into account its cultural specifity. Another feature of toponymy in Jovkovs proseis its repetiliveness which is not limited only to those works which happen to forma cycle. This repetiliveness points to the coherence of the works and makes us treat them as a single text. Jovkov names a lot, while he describes less, and when he does describe, he stresses those features of the places named which allow him to distinguish them thanks to some kind of their specifity. Perceiving the world through the eyes of his protagonists, the narrator does not strive to know it - he only wishes to make it visible. This explains why the places named do not demand broad description, since they are supposedly known as a matter of fact.