Ogólne zmiany i nowe szkoły we współczesnej poezji arabskiej okresu międzywojennego
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Arabic poetry, which began in the 6th c., has gone different stages of progress. The advent of modernists in the Arabian East, during 8th and 9th c., was an important turning point in Arabian poetry. These modernist poets attempted to withdraw from the traditional homogeneous verse and introduced new themes inspired by the spirit of new era. The origin of strophical poetry (Almunwaszah) in Andaluzji, during the 10th c. outposted the homogeneity of the verse as well as the traditional monorhymicał system (as the traditional Arabic poetry based on the uniformity rhyme and rhytm). This phenomenon opened numerous trials to invent new metres other than the prosodical system, fixed in the begining of 8th century. The period between the middle of 13th c. to 19th c. was a period of stagnation. However, the birth of Alband in 17th c. in Iraq determined substantial progress in form, during the cultural stagnancy under the Osmanian rule, The Arabian verse „kasyda” has its origin in the beginning of 20th «c. The influences of Romantic current have the same fate. During the interwar period, this trend begant o be strongerw ith the advent of moderns choolso f poetry: Dywan, Syrio-American and Apollo Schools of Poetry. It attempted to go further than the traditional forms of poetic systam through writting blank verse, modernizing the themes as well as making numerous contacts with tne European poetry to increase the quantity of translations from English and French Romantic poetry. In this article, particularly, those schools of poetry have been discussed which tried to adopt these literary trends while leading to the birth of free verse after the Second World War as well as appearance of realism and symbolism as reaction to the Romantic trend.