Ogólne problemy transferu i absorbcji postępu technicznego przez gospodarki krajów rozwijających się
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The article discusses main forms of international technology transfer and most important factors connected with absorption of technological progress by economies of Third World countries. The presented analysis proves that main suppliers of technological know-how as well as machinery and equipment to developing countries are developed capitalist countries. Ability to absorb new technologies by economies of the Third World countries — determining to a large extent economic effects ensuing from import of new technologies — depends among others on such factors as: reserves of ąualified manpower, performance of definite Research and Development activity, estimation of demand revealed by a given economy for new technology, costs of importing new technologies, impact of new technologies on man's natural enviroment. Socio-economic situation of most developing countries shows that majority of the above mentioned factors conditioning absorption processes of new technologies is not fulfilled by economies of these countries even to a satisfactory degree.