Priame formy účasti občanov na činnosti orgânov štâtnej moci a sprâvy v ĆSSR
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In his paper the author analyses the participation of citizens in the activity of state and administrative organs, within the system of federal Czechoslovak authorities. The introductory part consists of considerations of the conception of participation of the working people in control of the socialist community, stressing by the way the mutual importance of political and economic postulates in the process of managing the social and national matters. In the essential part of the paper the author analyses first the forms of citizens’ participation in the activity of state and administrative organs on the level of the federation and national republics. The citizens’ participation in committees set up by the People’s Chamber and the Nations’ Chamber, by the Federal Assembly or by people’s councils, has been briefly characterized. An intensification of the participation of working people in formation of legal norms through a national discussion has been emphasized. In the subsequent part of the paper the author analyses the forms of working people’s participation in the work of supreme organs of state administration through auxiliary, advisory and initiating, or else coordinating organs, set up on the corresponding level. The main part of the paper is focused on the forms and possibilities of citizens’ participation in the activity of people’s councils, their organs and activists’ groups. Basing upon the recent legislative amendments relating to the people’s councils, the author thorughly analyses particular forms of the participation, with a special stress on the plenary sessions of people’s council committees, administrative committees and a wide range of activists’ groups. Pointing to some actual situations of the present day, the author occasionally expresses his own view, also based on the experience gained by the Soviet people’s deputies in the USSR, as well as on the positive experience in the work of Czechoslovak people’s councils. In the final part of the paper the author expresses his view of which the central idea is that the expansion of citizens’ participation in controlling the socialist state is not an automatic social activity of people, but a question of increasing the effectiveness and quality of socialist control. Basing upon the above the author comes to the conclusion that the basic problem of direct citizens’ paritcipation in the activities of state and administrative organs is the improved and more effective modern methods and forms of managing, understood as an integral part of development and increase of socialist democracy.