Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorKobierecka, Anna
dc.contributor.authorKobierecki, Michał Marcin
dc.description.abstractIn December 2014, Russia was accused of developing a state-organized doping system in the second decade of the twenty-first century. The scandal resulted in many Russian athletes being banned from competing in the Olympics in Rio in 2016 and the IOC’s suspension of the Russian National Olympic Committee prior to the 2018 Winter Olympics in PyeongChang. The research presented in this article aims to answer the research question of whether the doping scandal actually affected the international image of Russia. The research was conducted with the use of frame analysis of public discourse. The hypothesis to be tested states that the Russian doping scandal contributed to the intensification of a negative external image of this state.en
dc.publisherWydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Łódzkiegopl
dc.relation.ispartofseriesEastern Reviewpl
dc.subjectsports diplomacyen
dc.subjectnation brandingen
dc.subjectimage of a countryen
dc.titleThe negative implications of Russia’s doping scandal on the country’s international imageen
dc.contributor.authorAffiliationKobierecka, Anna - University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland, Faculty of International Relations and Political Scienceen
dc.contributor.authorAffiliationKobierecki, Michał Marcin - University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland, Faculty of International Relations and Political Scienceen
dc.referencesAndreff, W., Bril, O., Poupaux, S. 2011. Sport in Russia, In: C. Sobry, D. Mastrogiannakis (eds). Sports Governance in the World: A Socio-Historic Approach. Paris: Le Manuscrit, pp. 195–218.en
dc.referencesAnholt, S. 2009. The Anholt-GfK Roper Nation Brands Index 2009 Report: Prepared for Switzerland, 1 December,–31–2009.pdf (accessed 24.05.2017).en
dc.referencesArgent, E. 2012. Sport in Europe. In: M. Li, E.W. MacIntosh, G.A. Bravo (eds.), International Sport Management. Champaign: Human Kinetics, pp. 135–154.en
dc.referencesAverginos, K.P. 2009. Russia’s Public Diplomacy Effort: What the Kremlin is Doing and Why it’s Not Working. Princeton Journal of Public and International Affairs 20, pp. 115–132.en
dc.referencesBrannagan, P.M., Giulianotti, R. 2015. Soft power and soft disempowerment: Qatar, global sport and football’s 2022 World Cup finals. Leisure Studies 34(6), pp. 703–719.en
dc.referencesBrentin, D., Tregoures, L. 2016., Entering Through the Sport’s Door? Kosovo’s Sport Diplomatic Endeavours Towards International Recognition. Diplomacy & Statecraft 27(2), pp. 360–378.en
dc.referencesBuhman, A. 2016. Measuring Country Image: Theory, Methods, and Effects. Wiesbaden: Springer VS.en
dc.referencesConnor, P. 2014. How many Sochi athletes are competing for a country that is not their birth nation? Pew Research Center, 19 February, (accessed 30.08.2018).en
dc.referencesDinnie, K. 2008. Nation Branding: Concepts, Issues, Practice. Oxford: Elsevier.en
dc.referencesDuval, A. 2017. The Russian doping scandal at the court of arbitration for sport: lessons for the world anti-doping system. The International Sports Law Journal 16(3–4), pp. 177–197.en
dc.referencesGibson, O. 2014. Sochi Games held up as a symbol of Olympic extravagance and waste. The Guardian, 5 February, (accessed 20.08.2018).en
dc.referencesGilboa, E. 2008. Searching for a Theory of Public Diplomacy. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science 616, pp. 55–77.en
dc.referencesGries, P.H., Crowson, H.M., Sandel, T. 2010. The Olympic Effect on American Attitudes towards China: beyond personality, ideology, and media exposure. Journal of Contemporary China. 64(19), pp. 213–231.en
dc.referencesGrix, J., Houlihan, B. 2014. Sports Mega-Events as Part of a Nation’s Soft Power Strategy: The Cases of Germany (2006) and the UK (2012). The British Journal of Politics and International Relations 16, pp. 572–596.en
dc.referencesGronskaya, N., Makarychev, A. 2014. The 2014 Sochi Olympics and “Sovereign Power” A Political Linguistic Perspective. Problems of Post-Communism 61(1), pp. 41–51.en
dc.referencesGrunwald, E. 2017. Narrative Norms in Written News. Nordicom Review 26(1), pp. 63–79.en
dc.referencesHam, P. 2001. The rise of brand state: Postmodern politics of image and reputation. Foreign Affairs, 1 September,–09–01/rise-brand-state (accessed 30.08.2018).en
dc.referencesHoberman, J. 2011. The Myth of Sport as a Peace-Promoting Political Force. The SAIS Review of International Affairs XXXI(1), pp. 17–29.en
dc.referencesHoulihan, B. 2006. Politics and Sport. In: J. Coakley, E. Dunning (eds.), Handbook of Sports Studies. London: Sage Publications, pp. 213–227.en
dc.referencesHoulihan, B., Zheng, J. 2013. The Olympics and Elite Sport Policy: Where Will It All End?. The International Journal of the History of Sport 30(4), pp. 338–355.en
dc.referencesIngle, S. 2016. Second McLaren report: five questions on the Russian doping scandal. The Guardian, 10 December, (accessed 30.08.2018).en
dc.referencesIngle, S. 2018. First doping case of 2018 Winter Olympics sees Japanese athlete sent home. The Guardian, 13 February, (accessed 30.08.2018).en
dc.referencesKarnaukh, M. 2014. Counting the cost: How much did Russia spend and earn in Sochi? Russia Beyond, 2 May, (accessed 2.05.2014).en
dc.referencesKatz, R. 2016. Russian Complaints About McLaren Report On Alleged State-Sponsored Doping Have Merit. Forbes, 20 August, (accessed 30.08.2016).en
dc.referencesKeller, R. 2013. Doing Discourse Research: An Introduction for Social Scientists. London: Sage.en
dc.referencesKoller, D.L. 2008. How the United States Government Sacrifices Athlete’s Constitutional Rights in the Pursuit of National Prestige. Bringham Young University Law Review, pp. 101–180.en
dc.referencesMaguire, J., Tuck, J. 2005. ‘A world in union’?: Rugby, globalisation and Irish identity. In: J. Maguire (ed.). Power and Global Sport: Zones of Prestige, Emulation and Resistance. London: Routledge, pp. 109–129.en
dc.referencesMasters, J. 2016. Russia’s Darya Klishina feeling ‘alone’ at Rio Olympics. CNN, 16 August, (accessed 30.08.2018).en
dc.referencesMcClory, J. 2012. The New Persuaders III: A 2012 Global Ranking of Soft Power. London: Institute for Government.en
dc.referencesMclaren, R.H. 2016a. Report to the President of WADA by the Independent Person. WADA, 18 July, (accessed 28.05.2018).en
dc.referencesMclaren, R.H. 2016b. Report to the President of WADA by the Independent Person. WADA, 9 December,–12/wadapublishes-independent-mclaren-investigation-report-part-ii (accessed 28.05.2018).en
dc.referencesNye, J.S. 2004. Soft Power: The Means to Success in World Politics. New York: Public Affairs.en
dc.referencesNye, J.S. 2011. The Future of Power. New York: Public Affairs.en
dc.referencesOciepka, B. 2013. Miękka siła i dyplomacja publiczna Polski. Warszawa: Scholar.en
dc.referencesOlins, W. 2005. Making a National Brand. In: J. Melissen (ed.), The New Public Democracy. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, pp. 169–179.en
dc.referencesPamment, J. 2013. New Public Diplomacy in the 21st Century: A Comparative study of policy and practice. Abingdon: Routledge.en
dc.referencesPanagiotopoulou, R. 2012. Nation Branding and the Olympic Games: New Media Images for Greece and China. The International Journal of the History of Sport 29(16), pp. 2337–2348.en
dc.referencesPayne, M. 2017. U.S. and 16 other national anti-doping agencies call for banning Russia from 2018 Olympics. The Washington Post, 15 September, (accessed 15.09.2017).en
dc.referencesPetersson, B. 2014. Still Embodying the Myth? Russia’s Recognition as a Great Power and the Sochi Winter Games. Problems of Post-Communism 61(1), pp. 30–40.en
dc.referencesPigman, G.A., Rofe, J.S. 2014. Sport and Diplomacy: An Introduction. Sport in Society: Cultures, Commerce, Media, Politics 17(9), pp. 1095–1097.en
dc.referencesPisarska, K. 2016. The Domestic Dimension of Public Diplomacy – Evaluating Success through Civil Engagement. London: Palgrave Macmillan.en
dc.referencesRasmussen, S.B. 2009. Discourse Analysis of EU Public Diplomacy Messages and Practices. Clingendal, (accessed 30.08.2018).en
dc.referencesReiche, D. 2016. Success and Failure of Countries at the Olympic Games. New York: Routledge.en
dc.referencesRofe, J.S. 2014. It is a squad game: Manchester United as a diplomatic non-state actor in international affairs. Sport in Society 17(8), pp. 1136–1154.en
dc.referencesRuiz, R.B. (2017). World Anti-Doping Agency Clears 95 Russian Athletes. The New York Times, 12 September, (accessed 20.09.2017).en
dc.referencesRukavishnikov, V. 2011. Russia’s “Soft Power” in the Putin Epoch. In: R.E. Kanet (ed.), Russian Foreign Policy in the 21st Century. Basingstoke: Springer, pp. 76–97.en
dc.referencesSchausteck de Almeida, B., Marchi, J.W., Pike, E. 2014. The 2016 Olympic and Paralympic Games and Brazil’s soft power. Contemporary Social Science 9(2), pp. 271–283.en
dc.referencesSimons, G. 2014. Russian public diplomacy in the 21st century: Structure, means and message. Public Relations Review 40(3), pp. 440–449.en
dc.referencesSmolianov, P. 2013. Russia. In: I. O’Boyle, T. Bradbury (eds.) Sport Governance: International Case Studies. London: Routledge, pp. 74–89.en
dc.referencesSterling, R. 2016. Here’s how Russian athletes were unfairly banned from the Olympics. The Duran, 2 August, (accessed 30.08.2018).en
dc.referencesSterling, R. 2017. The Politicization of Doping in Sports: Open Letter to the World Anti Doping Agency and International Olympic Committee Regarding the McLaren Report. Global Research, 30 March, (accessed 30.03.2017).en
dc.referencesSzondi, G. 2008. Public Diplomacy and Nation Branding: Conceptual Similarities and Differences. Clinendael, (accessed 29.05.2017).en
dc.referencesThomas, D.L. 2012. Globetrotting: African American Athletes and the Cold War Politics. Urbana: University of Illinois Press.en
dc.referencesTrenin, D.V. 2007. Getting Russia Right. Washington D.C.: Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.en
dc.referencesTrenin, D.V. 2011. Post-Imperium: A Eurasian Story. Washington D.C.: Carnegie Endowement for International Peace.en
dc.referencesVarga, S. 2013. The politics of Nation Branding: Collective identity and public sphere in the neoliberal state. Philosophy and Social Criticism 39(8), pp. 825–845.en
dc.referencesVolcic, Z., Andrejevic, M. 2011. Nation Branding in the Era of Commercial Nationalism. International Journal of Communication 5, pp. 598–618.en
dc.references (accessed 30.08.2018).en
dc.references (accessed 20.05.2018).en
dc.references (accessed 1.03.2014).en
dc.references (accessed 20.09.2017).en
dc.references (accessed 30.08.2018).en
dc.references (accessed 4.04.2018).en
dc.references (accessed 17.08.2017).en
dc.references (accessed 15.05.2018).en
dc.references (accessed 30.08.2018).en
dc.references,155287,17040348,OPEC_nie_podbil_cen_ropy__Szejkowie_pognebili_Putina.html (accessed 27.11.2014).en
dc.references (accessed 10.08.2018).en
dc.references (accessed 13.08.2018).en
dc.references (accessed 20.08.2018).en
dc.references (accessed 20.02.2018).en
dc.references (accessed 16.09.2017).en
dc.references (accessed 5.12.2017).en
dc.references (accessed 5.08.2015).en
dc.references (accessed 12.12.2017).en
dc.contributor.authorEmailKobierecka, Anna -
dc.contributor.authorEmailKobierecki, Michał Marcin -

Files in this item


This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record
Except where otherwise noted, this item's license is described as