Doświadczanie agresji i przemocy w szkole
The research project was designed to diagnose the phenomenon of aggression among the students of the last level of primary school. The research was directed by the Regional Centre of Social Policy of the Marshal’s Office in Łódź´ and run over the year 2002. It relates to the following research problems: the place of contact with violence and aggression, the most common indications of violence and aggression at school, the individual experience of violence and aggression in different psychological environments, the expectations of help. As far as the scientific method is concerned, a special questionnaire was constructed. It was addressed to the students of the sixth class of primary school in province of Ło´dz´, representing different psychological environments: from urban to rural. The total number of students, who participated in the research project was 455 (100%); 49% of girls and 51% of boys. The detailed analysis of the results of the research indicated school as the most common place of facing with the phenomenon of violence and aggression. Undesirable behaviours appear in all the school societies and call for the corrective treatment. The research revealed the differences between sexes and showed the general tendency of dealing with aggression: 57% of students declare their willingness to learn the techniques of self – defence, they also search for help in the school environment: 52% of students count for friend’s aid and 47% expect help from the teachers. The author suggest three courses of corrective treatment: rebuilding of the educational environment, educating the teachers in preventing, recognizing and acting against violence and aggression, teaching the ability of dealing with conflicts and difficulties.