Pojęcie przedsiębiorstwa międzynarodowego
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The article is an attempt to systematize various views on fundamental characteristics of the multinational enterprise. Among different definitions and terms, there can be distinguished three groups of view on the fundamental characteristics of the multinational enterprise: 1) views identifying the concept of multinational enterprises with the parent enterprise and its foreign subsidiaries (including both capitalist and socialist ones); 2) views treating the multinational enterprise as a joint enterprise i.e. such whose capital, management, personnel belong to enterprise s of different countries! 3) views combining both above approaches. The article characterizes the above views and presents definitions illustrating these views. There has also been presented the multinational en te rp rise from the legal viewpoint, which is due to the fact that in the course of establishing such enterprises and during their functioning arise numerous problems of legal nature. Moreover, the legal point of view differs considerably from the economic one, as ro t all multinational en terprises in th e economic sense are multinational from the legal point of view. On the other hand, each multinational enterprise in the sense of its nationality or In the sense of its personal status is a multinational enterprise in the economic sense.