Kradzieże w przestrzeni Łodzi
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For the city of Łódź, like in the other polish cities, a typical phenomenon of crime offences is a domination of the thefts (larcenies) among the total number of crimes. Larceny-theft is not only the most common crime in Łódź, but it is the offense category which is very socially burdensome. Larceny-theft entails a variety of crimes characterized by the taking away of someone else's property. Examples of larceny-theft include pick-pocketing, residential thefts and car theft. The main aim of the paper is to show the spatial diversity of property offences in Łódź in the period of 2006–2009. The following issues are presented in the article: a) geographic distribution of thefts in local pattern in Łódź – fig. 1; b) spatial autocorrelation (which conducive to determining whether there are any local level relationships between chosen crime and place exist) – fig. 2; c) spatial regression of chosen crimes (for identifying spatial effects in the dependent variable, i.e. intensity of thefts, and among the independent (demographic) variables – fig. 3 and 4; d) daily and weekly rhythms of offences – fig. 5. The crime rates (number of crimes per 1 000 residents) committed in Łódź shows not clear spatial diversity. Some of them, i.e. pick-pocketing, have observable concentration in the central core of the city, but in case of car thefts, this trend does not work (fig. 5b versus 5c). Knowing the distribution of the crime risk for each part of the city such situation can be avoided by directing the police resources especially in these hot spots (identifying by analyzing of spatial autocorrelation). In case of the regression model, in which the number of larcenies-thefts was a dependent variable, population density and women participation in the local population was a significant enough. In case of crimes some long standing regularity concerning their daily and weekly schedule can be observed. As it shows the fig. 5, days most threatened of larcenies-thefts are Mondays till Fridays. The pickpocket’s works in the morning and in the evening, but more car thefts occurs by night.Kradzieże należą do grupy przestępstw przeciwko mieniu. Ich uciążliwość w przestrzeni miasta polega na ich powszechności i dokuczliwości społecznej wynikających ze znacznej liczby dokonywanych tego typu czynów. W tym artykule kradzieże rozpatrywane będą pod kątem dystrybucji przestrzennej, autokorelacji sektorów zagrożonych tymi czynami, regresji przestrzennej oraz zmienności w czasie.
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